中国底层诗人在文坛的影响 ：以余秀华的诗歌为例 = A Chinese poet’s impact in the literary world : study of Yu Xiuhua’s poems
蔡銘莉 Chua, Meng Lee
Date of Issue2019-03-24
School of Humanities
自从 90 年代，底层成为了中国当代文人关注的热点，而底层写作在中国文坛依然 存在着。如今文学界突然有很多底层的人民在写诗歌，虽然他们没受过多少教育，但写 出的诗却得到了很高的评价。2015 年， “余秀华” 这个名字在中国报纸，黄金时段的 电视节目以及互联网上爆红。余秀华一首《穿越大半个中国去睡你》的诗在微信广泛转 发，成为人们所熟知的一首诗。除了这首诗，余秀华也写了其它两千多首诗歌。由于余 秀华是一名来自社会底层的农妇，她在文坛的出现被称为是一种“余秀华现象”。这个 现象引起了许多中国评论家的关注，并且引发了关于底层写作文化价值的社会争议。文 学评论家霍俊明表示，“过去，人们在书中读到学术上的‘精英诗’或‘诗人的诗’。 现在，这些诗对一些年轻读者来说太严肃了。他们更喜欢更直接的诗歌。”这显示了现 代社会对诗歌的偏好比起以前已经开始有了转变。这是互联网和微信时代的一种文化现 象，它在某种程度上对文学界是有影响力的。这种底层诗人的现象不应该轻易地被忽视， 反而值得进一步思考。 Since the 1990s, grassroot poetry is a hot topic in the study of Chinese contemporary literature. Today, grassroot poetry still exists in the Chinese literary world and in fact there has been a rise in the number of grassroot poets in the recent times. While these poets have not received much education, the poems written by them have received much praises in the literary world. In 2015, the name “Yu Xiuhua” was written all over China – in Chinese newspapers, primetime TV shows and the Internet. Yu Xiuhua's poem "Crossing half of China to sleep with you" was widely shared on WeChat and it soon became a poem that people are familiar with. Apart from this poem, Yu Xiuhua had also written more than two thousand poems. Since Yu Xiuhua is a peasant woman from the grassroot of society, her appearance in the literary world was called the "Yu Xiuhua phenomenon." The phenomenon caught many Chinese critics' attention and caused a social controversy on the cultural value of grassroots poets. Huo Junming, a noted literature critic, expressed that “In the past, people read the academic 'elite poem' or 'poet's poem' in books. Now, these poems are too serious to some young readers. They prefer more straightforward poems," This suggests a shift in the preferences of poetry as compared to the times prior to this phenomenon. It is a cultural phenomenon in the era of the Internet and WeChat which impacts the literary world in one way or another. This phenomenon should not be brushed off easily and deserves further discussion.
Final Year Project (FYP)
Nanyang Technological University