Digital pulse width modulator for high-speed DC-DC converters
Tan, Thai Siong
Date of Issue2018
School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering
The Final Year Project aims to design a Digital Pulse Width Modulation (DPWM) generator and evaluate the performance in terms of expected output signal and power consumption of the generator while running at a high frequency. The generator is used as one of the fundamental building block for a high speed DC-DC Converter in the future. The DPWM generator operates at a supply voltage of 1.2V with a 5 bits resolution and runs at a high speed of 100MHz. The process uses a 180nm CMOS technology. The design architecture of the DPWM uses the methodologies of Hybrid DPWM which is the combination of Counter together with the Tapped Delay Lines. Moreover, instead of injecting an external clock signal, the DPWM is integrated with a Ring Oscillator that self generates a clock signal to the circuit. The challenging part in the design is the timing and synchronization of every signal during the time matching phase in order for the DPWM to operate in such high speed. The report also looks into the comparison between a Ring Oscillator and RF Oscillator in terms of supply sensitivity and power consumption. The report will explained how a Ring Oscillator is more feasible for this PWM generator compare to the RF Oscillator. In conclusion, the simulation result shows that the 5 bits DPWM could achieve 22 out of 32 valid output signals at the operating frequency of 100MHz where the other outputs were either distorted or could not be produced. Furthermore, the result also shows the feasibility of integrating a Ring Oscillator that self generates a 400MHz clock signal for the DPWM. Lastly, an interleave architecture was also recommended to improve the overall performance of the DPWM in the future.
Final Year Project (FYP)
Nanyang Technological University