The effects of exercise-cognition integrated training for enhancement (ExCITE) program on postural stability in sedentary individuals
Mohamed Durrani Bidin
Date of Issue2018-04-26
National Institute of Education
Sedentary behaviour has become prevalent in developed countries including Singapore (Biddle, Petrolini & Pearson, 2013). Sedentary behaviour encompasses activities such as sitting or lying down, in which they would yield low energy expenditure, during waking hours (Networ, 2012). Sedentary behaviour is increasing in developing countries due to rapid growth of urbanization as well as technological advances (Owen et., 2010). Motor tasks are less utilized when there is no physical activity being carried out (Couillandre, Ribeiro, Thoumie & Portero, 2008). This in turn, results in deconditioning after which it will alter both the muscle and balance functions. Training that focuses on balance and muscle function is suggested to be valuable for health, functional and physical competences as well as the general quality of life (Brill et al., 2000; Gauchard, Jeandel, Tessier & Perrin, 1999). The Exercise-Cognition Integrated Training for Enhancement (ExCITE) demonstrated a positive change in cognitive flexibility, attention, information processing and working memory. It was hypothesized that ExCITE program would facilitate a positive effect on the postural stability in sedentary individuals. Seven young sedentary adults (mean SD age = 23.8 2.3 years, body mass = 58.46 11.5 kg) completed a total of three experimental testing of postural stability, pre-test, mid-test and post-test. The center of pressure (COP) Amplitude in both the anterior posterior (AP) and medial lateral (ML) planes were analyzed under eyes opened and closed conditions. Mean COP Amplitudes for the WB group were observed to have a declining trend from baseline test, to mid-test and to post-test. This suggests that ExCITE program may improve the postural stability in sedentary individuals. Future research can place focus on population at risk of falling or those with sensorimotor disabilities such as Down Syndrome.
Final Year Project (FYP)