Effects of video-based technology to improve performance of a soccer player’s direct free kick
Tan, Mark Mu Zhou
Date of Issue2018
National Institute of Education
Many sports are using video replay to improve the skill acquisition of their athlete. However, the differences in video, verbal and self-guided practice methods has yet to be researched in the sport of soccer. The aim of this study is to investigate the differences in these methods to improve a soccer player’s direct free kick. It was hypothesized that there is no significant difference between the three methods for the results between the pre-test and post-test, post-test and retention test. However, there is a significant difference between the pre-test and retention test. Thirty male soccer players (Mean (SD): 23.3 (1.5) years) completed 30 direct free kicks achieving maximum points consisting between zero to five. The mean scores were submitted to a 3(Group: video instruction, verbal instruction, self-guided practice) by 3(Test: pre-test, post-test, retention test) using analysis of variance with a repeated measure at the final factor. The alpha value was set at 0.05. No significant difference was found between the three-group’s mean score difference in pre-test and post-test [F (2,27) = 1.997, p = 0.155], post-test and retention test [F (2,27) = 0.638, p = 0.536]. A significant difference was found in the pre-test and retention test [F (2,27) = 3.488, p = 0.045]. Tukey HSD test indicated the significant difference lies within self-guided method (M= 1.70, SD= 9.83) and video method (M= 15.20, SD= 12.42). These results implied that video method could be an effective means of practice, but that the positive effect may take time to develop.
Final Year Project (FYP)