Ethical issues in HIV medicine
Lim, Rachel Wei Shan
Date of Issue2017
Lee Kong Chian School of Medicine (LKCMedicine)
Vertical transmission of HIV has declined steadily over the years with the introduction of antiretroviral therapy (ART) during pregnancy. However, an ethical dilemma arises when a mother refuses ART and increases the risk of transmission to her child, sparking discussions on mothers’ autonomy, fetal interests and their conflict. Mental disorders like schizophrenia have the potential to diminish a person’s autonomy and decision-making capacity, and the issue takes on a different ethical dimension when schizophrenia is involved. This paper aims to discuss the ethical issues of autonomy, beneficence, surrogate decision-making and maternal-foetal conflict with a systematic approach through a case study.
Final Year Project (FYP)