民国时期的女同现象和反同论述 ：以《玲珑》杂志为中心 (1930年-1949年) = The phenomenon of female same-sex love and the discourses of anti-homosexual in Republican China : a case study of Lin Loon magazines (1930-1949)
邱向红 Khoo, Siang Hong
Date of Issue2017
School of Humanities and Social Sciences
本论文旨在针对民国时期上海的休闲杂志《玲珑》中有关女同性爱的论述作出解读，并结合其它杂志中有关同性爱的文章，探讨1930年至1949年这段期间杂志对女同论述的呈现方式。杂志作为知识分子及大众自由对话的重要媒介，对于探求特定论述在社会上的演变有重大的意义。通过个别分析《玲珑》杂志所呈现的社会上的女同现象及女子学校的“交朋友”风气可以指出，1930年以后的民国社会大致上都处于反同的论述当中，同性爱被定位为一种不正常的性变态。即使女子学校中的女同现象没有受到太大的排斥，但也表明了同性爱仅仅被视为青年男女在过渡到异性恋爱之前的一个暂时阶段。为了探讨如此一面倒的论述是如何建立起来的，本论文将进一步分析知识分子及公众舆论对反同论述的影响。另外，妇女解放与反同论述之间又存在怎样的互动关系. This paper aims to analyze the phenomenon of female same-sex love and the discourses of anti-homosexual represented by Ling Loon Magazines and other magazines during Republican China, specifically from the years 1930 to 1949. This research mainly explores articles on Ling Loon Magazines because it was one of the Shanghai popular magazines during the period. By analyzing the stories of same-sex love in society and the “friendship” of students in all-girl school which represented by the magazines, we can learn that the society of Republican China mainly adopted the discourse of anti-homosexual after 1930s. Many people during that time perceived homosexuality as sexual perversion. Although the prevalence of same-sex love in all-girl school was widely acceptable by most people, their relationships were merely considered as a rehearsal for heterosexual relationship and it was believed that most of them would automatically transform into heterosexual after graduation. Taking interest in the formation of anti-homosexual discourse, this paper will discuss and investigate how intellectuals and public shaped anti-homosexual discourse. Lastly, this paper will identify the interactions between women’s liberation discourses and anti-homosexual discourses.
Final Year Project (FYP)
Nanyang Technological University