古典文学中的“戏妻”、“试妻”现象 = An analysis of "Husband Teasing wife" in classical Chinese literature
郑慧萍 Tay, Hui Ping
Date of Issue2017
School of Humanities and Social Sciences
只要提及“戏妻”，多数人会首先联想到元代杂剧《鲁大夫秋胡戏妻》，讲述的是秋胡衣锦还乡，因与妻子分隔多年没能认出妻子、在桑园里调戏自家妻子的故事。“戏妻”原型为《陌上桑》，汉乐府诗最早记录使君出言调戏秦罗敷的趣事，《秋胡戏妻》受之影响并在此基础上创作了“戏妻”情节。后期的戏曲作品对“戏妻”这一情节有所继承，明代以后“戏妻”主要以“试妻”的形式存现。 学界对“戏妻”课题的研究甚少结合多部“戏妻”和“试妻”作品一同分析，而更偏重于个别作品的论述。因此本文选取与“戏妻”有关的戏曲作品进行考察，借此窥探这一情节的文学作用和思想蕴含。笔者经由细读文本后整理分析了“戏妻”推展模式的异同，从中可见剧作家的创作意识、社会的意识形态等。“戏妻”情节凸显刻画了旧社会男尊女卑的现象以及妇女的贞节意识，因为贴近民生而备受欢迎。观众热烈的支持使“戏妻”情节得以在不同作品中出现、让多部“戏妻”作品得以流传至今。At times when “Husband Teasing Wife” is being mentioned, Yuan Dynasty’s drama play Qiuhu Teased His Wife tends to appear in our minds. This drama depicts the story of Qiuhu returning home one day and failed to recognize his wife. Due to the separation for many years, Qiuhu mistook his wife for another woman and even dallied with her. Yue-Fu Poem Mo Shang Sang serves as the origin for Qiuhu Teased His Wife, where it first describes how Qin Luofu was being teased and her reaction to the situation. Thus, the “Husband Teasing Wife” plot gradually developed and was inherited by later works. From the Ming Dynasty onwards, “Husband Teasing Wife” mainly exists in the form of “Husband Testing Wife”. Previous research on this topic rarely includes multiple “Husband Teasing Wife” works for analysis, instead greater emphasis was placed on the elaboration of individual works. Therefore, this thesis aims to explore the literary roles and ideological implications of “Husband Teasing Wife” through a detailed study of multiple related literature works. By adopting the close reading technique, comparisons between texts could be made and in turn revealed social ideologies of the period. In fact, the “Husband Teasing Wife” plot highlights common phenomenon of the society and this contributed to its great popularity. The continuous support from audiences enabled the plot to gain awareness and spread widely.
Final Year Project (FYP)
Nanyang Technological University