从华商网络来看侨乡认同的建构“林绍良”个案研究 = Qiaoxiang identity from the perspective of Chinese business network : a case study on Indonesian Chinese Entrepreneur Liem Sioe Liong
林若亭 Lin, Ruoting
Date of Issue2016
School of Humanities and Social Sciences
“华侨”原指旅居、暂住海外的华人移民。这一群体的形象随着时代的演进而变异，但他们与其祖籍地、也就是“侨乡”却保持着相对稳定的关系，主要体现在经济生活方面。从侨汇到捐赠、再到投资，海外华人在侨乡社会扮演着重要的角色。特别是当中国实行对外开放政策之后，侨乡社会凭借海外华人的资源优势，形成了独特的经济发展模式。有鉴于以往的侨乡研究从“中国中心”立场论述的限度，本文将通过涵盖侨乡和居住国及相关地域性空间的华商网络，来探讨作为经济活动主体的华人的认同问题。本文的研究对象是著名的印尼华人企业家林绍良。20世纪末，他以地方侨领的身份，深度参与了祖籍地福清的经济建设。在这一过程中，他对侨乡的情感认同也得到了深化。笔者认为，社会资本是林绍良的商业网络的核心，不仅为他在居住国的企业发展创造优势，也对他在祖籍地的投资建设产生了深远的影响。“Huaqiao”,-originally refers to the Chinese nationals who are sojourning overseas. Though the image of this migrant community has undergone variation over time, their connections with the ancestral hometown, also known as “qiaoxiang(侨乡)” remains relatively constant. Through remittance, donation and investment, overseas Chinese play an important role in the economic-social growth of qiaoxiang. Especially after the economic reform and reopening of the Chinese mainland, those towns and villages in South China have used their connections with overseas Chinese to develop their unique economic model. In view of the limitation of the Sino-centric approach in the past academic studies, this thesis proposes a wider perspective-“Chinese Business Network” which spatially covers qiaoxiang, residing countries and relevant areas. It aims to discuss the identity of overseas Chinese as the subject of economic activities. This case study is focused on Indonesian Chinese entrepreneur Liem Sioe Liong. By the end of 20th century, he took a leadership role and was deeply involved in the modernization and industrialisation of his hometown Futsing. During the course, Liem has cultivated his qiaoxiang ties and has strengthened his sense of belonging to qiaoxiang. From the author’s observation, social capital is the core of Liem’s business network, which not only helped to expand his businesses in his residing country but also exerted significant influence on his investment and other economic activities in his qiaoxiang.
Final Year Project (FYP)
Nanyang Technological University