Shoulder and elbow overuse injuries in youth sports
Long, Janan Shiwei
Date of Issue2016
National Institute of Education
Purpose: To provide an epidemiological account of elbow and shoulder overuse injuries in youth sports with repetitive overhead action namely Swimming, Badminton, Tennis and Cricket. Methods: 255 participants (187 males, 68 females) aged 8-16 years old were recruited for this study from various organizations. There were 164 swimmers and 91 cricketers. Tennis and Badminton participants could not be recruited. All participants completed a physical questionnaire that would highlight the prevalence of acute injuries and overuse injuries (OP) in the shoulder and elbow areas in the last 6 months. Results: 23% total prevalence of overuse injuries was found in swimming and cricket (22% in the shoulder area and 1% in the elbow area). Comparing between sports, there was a 18% prevalence of shoulder overuse injuries in swimming as compared to a 29% prevalence in cricket. There was a nearly negligible 1% and 2% of prevalence in elbow overuse injuries in swimming and cricket respectively. A total of 59 overuse injuries (56 shoulder, 3 elbow) and 28 were acute injuries (16 shoulder, 12 elbow) were reported. Among gender, age, years of training and hours of training per week, only age was reported to have a significant relationship with the prevalence of overuse injuries (p<0.05). Conclusion: The findings suggest that there is a moderate-high prevalence in shoulder and elbow overuse injuries in youth overhead sports aside from Swimming and Cricket, and the risk will likely increases with training intensity and age.
Final Year Project (FYP)