范晔《后汉书》选录文章研究 = A study of literary works selected by Fan Ye’s book of the Eastern Han
Date of Issue2016-06-20
School of Humanities and Social Sciences
As one of the Early Four Historiographies, which well-preserved lots of literary works, Fan Ye’s Book of the Eastern Han not only has a great historical value, but also has a great literary value. Based on the study of literary works (mainly prose, and extend to rhapsody and poetry) selected by Fan Ye, this thesis aims to discuss the literature development during the Eastern Han dynasty. First chapter studies the literary works selected by Fan Ye according to different genres. It finds out that during Eastern Han dynasty, proses and rhymes were closely related, more rhetorical and lexical skills were used in composing proses with personal feeling, while rhymes were most likely related to political issues. From the succession of Emperor He onwards, subsequent reigns were increasingly marked by eunuch intervention in court politics and their involvement in the violent power struggles of the imperial consort clans. Scholars had to choose either staying in the court - their literary works became more vigorous, or leaving the court - their literary works became more speculative. It is a remarkable breakthrough that Fan Ye introduced “Biographies of Writers” in the historiography, yet many famous litterateurs such as Ban Gu, Zhang Heng, Kong Rong, etc. were not in this biography, which left us an impression that those litterateurs in “Biographies of Writers” were noteless. Chapter two categorizes the litterateurs in “Biographies of Writers” into four groups, and focuses on first-class litterateurs, such as DU Du, ZHAO Yi, FU Yi, LI Yan, CUI Qi, MI Heng, etc., to discuss their great contributions to the literature. On the other hand, chapter three focuses on three pairs of famous litterateurs who are not selected in “Biographies of Writers”, BAN Gu and ZHANG Heng, WANG Fu and ZHONG Changtong, CAI Yong and KONG Rong. Through the studies on first two pairs of litterateurs, the chapter aims to discuss the literature transition during the Eastern Han dynasty, as well as Fan Ye’s preferences of selecting literary works. While the last pair of litterateurs CAI Yong and KONG Rong, shows the inkling of “the vigorous and powerful style of Jian'an literature” was found earlier than the Jian'an Period. Chapter four starts with the deconstruction of the term “Seven Scholars of Jian'an”, followed by the discussion of the relationship between “Jian'an Fenggu” and “Jian'an Literature”, thus to discuss about the “Concealment” and “Dislocation” phenomenon in literature studies. Last but not least, together with the discussion on the time literature entered conscientious era, shows that the literature of the Eastern Han has an irreplaceable and unique value during the transition period from Han to WeiJin.