Rydberg atoms: Correlations and quantum gates
Date of Issue2016-05-30
School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences
In this project, we investigate into the correlations between Rydberg atoms, atoms that are excited to a state of a high principal quantum number and have at least one valence electron, and the interactions that occur between them that can be used for the formation of quantum gates. We first review the fundamentals of quantum gates, followed by the nature of the interactions between Rydberg atoms and the Rydberg blockade. We study the entanglement between Rydberg atoms and the effect of the strength of dipolar interactions on the amount of generated entanglement. The crux of this study is the examination of the strong interactions between Rydberg atoms and their use in the construction of quantum gates. The final section of this report provides suggestions on future research along this direction.
Final Year Project (FYP)