新加坡当代社会同志自由的研究 = A study of homosexuals’ liberty in present day Singapore
陈惠嫔 Tan, Mabel Hui Ping
Date of Issue2016
School of Humanities and Social Sciences
近几年, 新加坡社会对性小众（sexual minorities／LGBT), 尤其是同志（homosexuals）的认识与关怀不断地提高。然而，法律、政策、社会整体仍然在不同程度上侵犯同志的权利和自由，使同他们在不同程度上受到歧视。各种价值观的相互冲突把同志边缘化，导致他们的身体、生活空间、自由被外界控制。不过，公开对这些课题的讨论和对话甚少。 那么，在缺乏让社会成员深度探讨同性恋权利的公共平台，同性恋群体（gay community）所面对的社会问题在异性恋霸权主义下的新加坡社会如何解决？笔者审阅近年一些较有权威性的社会研究调查报告， 也向一些自愿者进行调查，再整合分析资料，试图理解和解释个人和集体对抗的运作模式。笔者选择使用约翰斯图尔特密尔在《论自由》中提出的自由观切入分析同性恋群体在与社会协商和争取个人自由和权益的可行性. 笔者希望借此在论文里展开讨论，分析同性恋者与新加坡社会、各个不同群体之间的矛盾是否能够妥协，达到一个共识。 本论文也将会探讨自由讨论对社会多样性的包容起到什么意义并探究新加坡同性恋群体未来的出路。In recent years, there is increasing awareness and concern towards sexual minorities （LGBT）, especially towards the homosexuals in the context of Singapore. However, the laws, policies and society as a whole still infringe on the rights and privacy of the gay community. That said, homosexuals are being discriminated against，albeit in different degrees. The clash of various values that are being uphold results in the marginalization of homosexuals, which consequently leads to the control of the body, living spaces and individual freedom by external factors. Yet, there are very little indepth open discussions and dialogues to address these issues. Hence, without a free and open platform to engage the public in meaningful discussions and explorations of the social issues regarding gay rights, it is questionable how these discriminations of homosexuals can be resolved in this dominantly heterosexist society of Singapore. Analysis of credible survey results and reports, as well as gathering personal anecdotes and surveys from respondents was done. Findings were analyzed in an attempt to understand and explain how the tension between the individuals and society at large works. Also, the possibilities of the gay community achieving rights and individual liberty during the negotiation process with the rest of society will be analysed using the concept of Liberty discussed in John Stuart Mill’s On Liberty. Therefore, this thesis hopes to be able to examine if the differences in thoughts and values between the gay community and society can come to a satisfied conclusion, achieving a consensus. This thesis will look into how free discussions can embrace social diversity, as well as exploring how the Singapore gay community can move forward.
Final Year Project (FYP)
Nanyang Technological University