论舞蹈与佛教之间的共性 ：以云门舞集与《流浪者之歌》为个案 = Exploring the similarities between dance and buddhism : a case study on cloud gate dance theatre and songs of the wanderers
Pang, Cai Feng
彭彩鳳 Pang, Cai Feng
Date of Issue2016
School of Humanities and Social Sciences
随着全球化的趋势以及科技的发展，人们对宗教的理解与诠释起了变化。不少艺术家更以不同的形式表达对佛教的见解、解释佛教的教义。受佛教影响的艺术表演自古以来不胜枚举。当代将佛教思想融入作品中的著名艺术团体之一可算是台湾现代舞团云门舞集。台湾现代舞团云门舞集(简称：云门)的代表作《流浪者之歌》于 1994 年首演，令世界各地的观众震撼不已。该作改编自德国小说家赫曼・赫塞的同名小说，是云门舞集创办人兼艺术总监林怀民从印度菩提伽耶返回台湾后编的作品，聚集了林怀民本身身为佛教徒刚从印度回来，加上研究、结合了世界各地特别是东南亚国家的宗教仪式、舞蹈，呈现出浓厚的佛教色彩。小说原名为 Siddhartha，以悉达多太子为本影射出一个人物以及他追求真理的过程。里头讨论了主人公在求道之旅所碰到的一些佛教议题：自力、无我、轮回等。而云门通过舞蹈作为媒介呈现了这些议题。舞蹈与佛法之间看似矛盾：前者是色相，后者却强调不着相。但舞蹈与佛法之间的共性却使两者能够结合起来。本文将探讨舞蹈与佛法之间的共性，并以云门舞集的《流浪者之歌》作为讨论对象。The understanding and interpretation of religion have morphed over the years as globalization and technology amalgamate with everyday lives. This has witnessed an increasing trend of artists expressing their views about religion through various forms of arts, or exhibiting pieces that are influenced by religious beliefs. The relationship between performing arts and religion has long existed before there were any formal records. In today’s world, it is undisputed that one of the more prominent performing arts groups that incorporate Buddhism in its performances is Taiwanese dance troupe, Cloud Gate Dance Theatre. Cloud Gate Dance Theatre of Taiwan (or Cloud Gate in short) debut its most popular performance, Song of the Wanderers in 1994 and it was well-received by audience and critics from all over the world. The piece was an adaptation from Siddhartha, a novel by German writer Hermann Hesse, after Cloud Gate’s founder cum artistic director Lin Hwai-min returned from his pilgrimage to Bodhgaya where Buddha gained enlightenment. Song of the Wanderers which reflected various Buddhism beliefs was said to be the quintessential of Lin’s life experiences and spiritual growth involving his retreat at Bodhgaya as well as his exposure to various religious rituals and ethnic dances. The novel "Siddhartha" was about the journey of self-discovery of a man named Siddhartha during the time of Gautama Buddha. The interesting thing is that Siddhartha is also the name of Gautama Buddha before his enlightenment, and the experiences of Siddhartha are similar to that of Buddha. His journey also surfaced a few teachings in Buddhism which were translated into dance by Cloud Gate. The nature of dance is seemingly conflicting with the principles of Buddhism when the former is a material appearance while the latter advocates not being adamant about physicality or form. Both, however, are able to co-exist because of their similarities. This paper uses Cloud Gate’s piece, Songs of the Wanderers as a case study to analyse the similarity between dance and Buddhism.
Final Year Project (FYP)
Nanyang Technological University