解读“中华民国”符号 ：分析中国国民党迁台后（1949–2016）再现的中华民国 = The Semiotic Study of “The Republic of China”: analysing the Kuomintang’s representation of The Republic of China (1949–2016)
蔡瀚辉 Chua, Han Hui
Date of Issue2016
School of Humanities and Social Sciences
中华民国自1949年播迁来台，在实际操作层面上，已无法有效代表全中国，即中华民国宣称拥有大陆主权，但实际治权范围只及于台澎金马地区。作为中华民国创国政党的中国国民党却从未放弃捍卫中华民国的使命，如何在一座小岛内维持一个象征全中国的政权成为历史为它遗留下来的难题。但从“一个中国”，到“特殊两国”，再到“一中各表”，乃至“一中同表”，我们发现，国民党表述的中华民国在不同历史时期彰显不同意向，而并非铁板一块，一成不变。本文试图以符号性意义的处理方式解读“中华民国”政治主体内涵的历史变迁，从中更揭示国民党如何透过政治表述重塑中华民国主体性的政治张力，来回应时代议题，乃至台湾“自觉”与“自决”的诉求。 The Republic of China (ROC), since its re-establishment in Taiwan in 1949, could not represent the whole of China effectively. It claims sovereignty over Mainland China territory, but effective ROC jurisdiction only covers the area of Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen, Matsu, and other minor surrounding islands. As the founding political party of the ROC, the Kuomintang of China (KMT) has never abandon its mission in defending the ROC sovereignty, how is it to preserve a regime that represents all of China in the small island of Taiwan becomes a historical issue that the KMT has to deal with. However, from “One China”, to “Special State-to-State Relations”, to “One China with different interpretations”, to “One China, same interpretation”, we see that the KMT represents the ROC in different perspectives, the ROC is anything but a constant. This paper aims to use a semiotic analysis approach to study the political subjectivity of the “ROC” sign, in which we investigate how the KMT uses political discourse to reconstruct the political dynamics of the ROC, in responds to the issues of times, and Taiwanese aspirations for self-realisation and self-determination.
Final Year Project (FYP)
Nanyang Technological University