新加坡酷儿运动的正常化策略 ：粉红点的空间实践 = The normalization strategies of Singapore’s queer activism : the spatial practice of pink dot
Lim, Hui Min
林慧敏 Lim, Hui Min
Date of Issue2016
School of Humanities and Social Sciences
粉红点在 2009 年首次举行，至今已成功迈入第 7 年，吸引的参与者也从一开始的 2500 人上升到 2015 年的 28000 人。酷儿相关的课题在本地一直属于敏感话题，90 年代的酷儿组织也频频遭受主流社会、传统媒体与政府的压迫，导致这些酷儿组织只能在较为隐蔽的空间里举办活动，因而使得民众在公共空间里几乎看不见酷儿群体的存在。政府在芳林公园设立演说者角落，给予本地酷儿群体发动粉红点的契机，使粉红点成为首个在公共空间里合法举行的酷儿运动。粉红点不仅吸引酷儿群体参加活动，更获得主流群体的支持，在很大程度上是因为他们所采取的正常化策略。本文将结合人文地理学的空间理论和话语理论，探讨粉红点在公共空间、社会虚拟空间以及言论空间里使用正常化策略，将本地酷儿群体和酷儿运动塑造一个温和的形象，从而提高主流群体对酷儿运动的接受度，使这场运动趋向主流。Pink Dot was held for the first time in 2009 and the number of participants has increased more than tenfold from 2500 in 2009 to 28000 in 2015, thus making it the largest public gathering in Singapore. Queer related topics are considered taboo in Singapore and queer activism in the 90s had been oppressed by the mainstream public, media and local authorities. Thus, queer organizations were forced to hold events in private spaces hidden from the public view. However, the setting up of Speakers’ Corner in Hong Lim Park by the government gave the local queer community the opportunity to initiate Pink Dot and it became the first queer movement to have been legally held in the public space. Pink Dot has attracted not only the queer community, but also the mainstream community. This thesis argues that Pink Dot’s strategy of normalization is the main reason for attracting support from the mainstream community. Using space theories from human geographers as well as discourse theories, this thesis aims to analyze the strategy of normalization employed by Pink Dot in the public space, virtual social space and discursive space respectively.
Final Year Project (FYP)
Nanyang Technological University