光华戏院在新加坡的关系网 = The network of Jubilee theatre in Singapore
许秋媚 Koh, Qiumei
Date of Issue2016
School of Humanities and Social Sciences
光华戏院于上世纪20年代已出现，亦为新加坡日战前最早的有声戏院之一，同时也属早期首轮华语片的戏院。该戏院曾放映轰动一时的经典电影，如《误佳期》、《一江春水向东流》等都成为光华戏院的主要招牌，从而打响光华的名声。新加坡戏院历史悠久，早期的戏院更是不胜枚举，各家戏院都具有各自独特的特色，无论是在历史、电影、建筑、文化上等等，都有目共睹。然而，现今社会今非昔比，许多旧时戏院已默默地走进了历史，小坡大马路之光华戏院乃其中之一。本文首先将列出研究意义及方法，如王鹏翔先生所提供的第一手资料、《南洋商报》电影广告等，之后将会列出新加坡光华戏院的历史发展，并分为三大时期，即日战前、日佔时与日战后。第二章主要分析光华戏院战前至战后的院线，探讨光华与各家戏院的合作关系以及合作时期所放映的电影。第三章则是光华与两大影业机构邵氏戏院与国泰戏院之间的院线，探讨光华戏院与两院之间的关系。最后，将会对此课题作出总结和提出未来的研究方向。In the history of Singapore cinemas, Jubilee Theatre or Kwang Hwa Theatre was located at North Bridge Road was one of the first sound cinemas running first run films in Singapore dated back in the 20th century. Jubilee Theatre successfully made its name by screening some of the popular films example wujiaqi, yijiangchunshuixiangdongliu,. Back in the 1930s, during the booming industry of cinemas, each cinema possessed their own unique characteristics based on their history, movies, architecture, culture which were gradually being recognized by the masses. However, as society advanced, cinemas could not keep up with the fast rising pace, which eventually led to the demise of many cinema buildings including the Jubilee Theatre. This article will begin by stating the significance of this research and the main resources used to aid in this research, for example, the first hand articles written and provided by Mr. Wang Tai Peng as well as movie advertisements, newspaper articles from Nanyang Siang Pau. Thereafter, the article will provide a detailed outline of the history and development of Jubilee Theatre. 2nd chapter will then focus on the network of Jubilee Theatre from pre-war to post-war by defining the key concept of ‘theatre chain’ with reference to the movies screened during the collaboration. Besides forming networks with various cinemas, Jubilee Theatre’s most prominent collaboration would be with the Shaw Brothers and Cathay Organisation, hence the relationship between the three cinemas will also be analyzed in the 3rd chapter. The article will then end off with a conclusion and also to propose a status for future research of this topic.
Final Year Project (FYP)
Nanyang Technological University