Ultra-low-voltage adder circuit design for smart sensor nodes in electrical vehicle applications
Date of Issue2014
School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Arithmetic addition is a major and fundamental operation in digital signal processing DSP algorithms. Adders are one of the key computing components in DSP core and accelerator designs [ 1]. Thus, arithmetic adder is the key circuit components contributing major computation energy and creating a bottleneck in circuit performance in vehicle sensor node systems. It is therefore essential to design a good adder circuit to improve the overall performance of sensor node systems. In order to design an adder, different adder algorithms are considered so as to determine the suitable adder algorithm. Algorithms such as Radix-2 Kogge-Stone Adder, Radix-4 Kogge-Stone Adder and Brunt-Kung Adder are discussed and compared. The conclusion drawn from the comparison is that the Radix-2 Kogge-Stone Adder is an ideal addition algorithm to calculate large bits addition. After choosing the adder algorithm, the next issue is transistor-level schematic implementation. The whole adder algorithm can be constructed with logic gates. With the implementation of each logic gate in adder algorithm, the transistor-level schematic for the whole adder structure can be built through simulation. The simulation results were derived from Mentor Graphics Modelsim simulation and Cadence Virtuoso simulation. Mentor Graphics Modelsim simulation is to testify the logic feasibility of the adder algorithm while Cadence Virtuoso simulation is used to test the time delay of the adder circuit as to calculate the power consumption of the adder designed. When the adder is designed and simulated, the adder is needed to taken into electrical vehicle application. First, an algorithm called Sum of Absolute Difference which is used to calculate the vehicle speed is proposed. The sensor node architecture is designed. Since arithmetic adders are the key computing components in sensor node system, the Radix-2 Kogge-Stone Adder designed in this dissertation can be used to improve the overall performance of the system.
DRNTU::Engineering::Electrical and electronic engineering::Electronic systems::Signal processing