Parking supply and demand in Singapore
Chew, Li Jie
Date of Issue2014
School of Civil and Environmental Engineering
This report serves to elaborate on Final Year Project CV4901 – Parking Supply and Demand in Singapore. Parking supply belongs to the land transport policy platform and adequate provison of parking is vital to minimize traffic impacts in the city. Parking demand and the number of cars are inter- related while parking demand of a particular development depends on various factors. Countries employ mainly three parking policy approaches and they are the conventional approach, parking management and market-oriented policy. Singapore adopts a hybrid but consists mainly of the conventional policy which has a mindset that parking is a building infrastructure and should be provided for every site. Singapore’s parking demand however differs from many other western countries due to the stringent congestion management measures such as the vehicle quota system and Electronic Road Pricing (ERP). Three suburban malls are selected across Singapore to conduct a research on whether parking provision in Singapore is sufficient as well as to study on the various factors that resulted in the parking demand at the selected commercial buildings. Researches conducted at these three commercial malls has shown that parking provision in Singapore are adequate to meet the parking demand, and only reaches its peak utilization capacity on peak hours in the weekends. Hence, the hybrid approach that Singapore adopts result in excessive supply in non-peak hours and this can be improved by seeking alternatives. The recommended improvements include moderating the conventional, adaptive and responsive approach which opens up wider parking policy choices, enabling a switch to one of the much more efficient alternative approaches to parking policy. This report consists of 5 chapters. Chapter 1 presents a brief introduction of the project. Chapter 2 presents a literature review theory and previous researches. Chapter 3 analyses the parking demand and supply in Singapore. Chapter 4 presents the results and discussions. Lastly, chapter 5 concludes with recommendations to alternative parking policy approaches.
Final Year Project (FYP)
Nanyang Technological University