面向未来 ：探析中国“90后”国家认同感的趋势及其缘由 = China's national identity of its post-90s generation : a study of trends and reasons
邓玮婷 Teng, Wei Ting
Date of Issue2014
School of Humanities and Social Sciences
中国“90后”标志着中国新生代的公民。他们是中国跨入改革开放第二阶段后的既得利益者。无论是生活环境、物质条件或政治参与度等都明显胜于先辈们。而在此氛围下，中国“90后”的国家认同感成为值得探究的课题。 基于本文欠缺实证研究，因而必须透过其他学者的调查结果进行分析和总结。就整体而言，中国“90后”青年目前仍然持有较高的国家认同感。但是，该群体的国家认同感在不同纬度上如“对国家归属感”或“对国家道路认同”等已经开始出现些许变化，与设想中的积极度有所偏离。由此，本文将透过不同因素如红色记忆的缺失和寻找自我价值等，对“90后”国家认同感变化的趋势进行解释。 不仅如此，本文也将视野扩展至海外，以了解中国“90后”的华侨在国家认同感上的表现。这主要始于中国融入全球化时代中，较多中国新生代逐渐往外走，但却没有放弃中国公民的身份。针对此方面，本文多以推断性的方式进行解析。China’s post-90s represents the new generation of citizens. They are the immediate beneficiaries of the second stage of China’s reform policy. Their living conditions, material satisfaction and political participation standards have distinctively improved compared to their predecessors. It is under such an atmosphere that the national identity of these post-90s is a theme worth researching. On the basis that this paper lacks empirical research, hence, we will base this paper upon the researches carried out by other scholars for analysis and summary. Generally, data analysis reveals that the youths of current post-90’s generation continue to maintain a strong sense of national identity. Nevertheless, there has been certain change that deviates from the expected norm being observed along the latitudes of ‘national belonging’ and ‘acceptance of nation’s course’. Hence, this thesis will analyze the issue based on various causes including the lost of the ‘red memory’ and the search for self-value, thereby accounting for the change in trend of national identity. Furthermore, we will also be looking at the perspective of post-90s Overseas Chinese, to understand how their feel towards the notion of national identity. Such attitude shifts are generally started due to China’s gradual integration into the global economy, with much of the current Chinese youths gradually leaving their homeland for opportunities abroad, but yet maintaining their Chinese citizenship. In view of such perspective, we will analyze and propose relevant trends.
Final Year Project (FYP)
Nanyang Technological University