马来西亚国民型中学 ：华教史的缺席者 = National-type secondary schools : a study of its absence from the history of Chinese education in Malaysia
冯诗淩 Fong, Shu Ning
Date of Issue2012
School of Humanities and Social Sciences
本文主要研究马来西亚自1960年代改制时期后，国民型中学在华教史的缺席。国民型中学和独立中学都是从华文中学延伸出来的，但是一直以来，马来西亚华教史的书写却较偏向独立中学，忽略了国民型中学的发展。本文将进一步了解为什么华社人士对于改制国民型中学不谅解，从而在华教史的书写中忽略它们的发展，以及为什么国民型中学最终还是选择改制。本文也探究在面临重重挑战时，国民型中学在坚持母语教育和文化传承之努力，并通过这些坚持与的努力，论述它们不应该缺席华教史。国民型中学多年来在华文教育中处于不被正视的处境，直至2010年的教育研讨会，它们所面对的困境与挑战才开始受到关注，近两年的报章也不断报道国民型中学的近况与新发展。本文将从吉华国民型中学和钟灵国民型中学这两间学校的个案研究，阐述并重申它们对华文教育的坚持与努力。在过去华教史中，无可否认国民型中学缺席了，但相信将来它会受到重视，为华教史翻开新的一页。This dissertation is a study of the absence of national-type secondary schools from the history of Chinese education in Malaysia. Although both the national-type secondary schools and independent Chinese schools are a continuation of former Chinese schools in Malaysia, but all along research on Chinese education had been much focused on the latter. This study will further explore the reasons behind national-type secondary schools’ acceptance of restructuring, and why they could not gain understanding from the masses in Chinese society, which explains their exclusion from the history of Chinese education. This paper will also look into the efforts towards sustaining Chinese education and culture in national-type secondary schools, and that they should be given a place in the Chinese education history. The national-type secondary schools had not been acknowledged in Chinese education system for many years until a seminar held in Year 2010, where challenges and difficulties faced by these secondary schools started to surface and gain more attention. Newspapers reports have also been following up on the updates of the national-type secondary schools in the recent two years. This paper attempts to elaborate and reiterate the efforts and perseverance of national-type secondary schools towards Chinese education through the case studies of Keat Hwa High School and Chung Ling High School. It is undeniable that national-type secondary schools were excluded from the history of Chinese education, but with increasing concerns over their development in the recent years, they will no doubt be valued and given much importance, with the hope of being included in the Chinese education system in the near future.
Final Year Project (FYP)
Nanyang Technological University