端华学校 ：柬埔寨华文教育的案例 = Duan Hua (Toun Fa) Chinese School : a case of Chinese education in Cambodia.
Goh, Rui Long.
Date of Issue2011
School of Humanities and Social Sciences
The development of the Chinese education in Cambodia have been going through many stages, from the beginnings, to maturing and developing, which then came to a halt but was then resurrected to a new prosperous stage today. Among these, Duan Hua Chinese School (DHCS), the largest Chinese school in Cambodia, can represent the history of Chinese education on her own. Through outlining the recent developments of the Chinese society, the study discovers it was not by accident for DHCS to become what it is today in a Southeast Asian nation-state. Hence, this study hopes to bring forth DHCS’s representative traits in Chinese education, through exploring her organization structure, operations model, and the difficulties faced by the management and teachers. It also analyzes the relationship between DHCS and Cambodian society. Survey findings shows that besides the local government’s acceptance, the functional value of the Chinese language is also one of the contributing factors for people picking up the language. DHCS is widely recognized in Cambodia, with local Khmer students amidst children of Chinese descendant being constantly sent in by their parents. 柬埔寨的华社发展史与华文教育史经历过稚嫩、成熟、黄金、空白、恢复、到现在的蓬勃时期。当地最大的华校端华学校，也经历过这些时期，是整个华文教育发展史的一个缩影。从勾勒当地近代华社发展过程中，本文发现端华学校在这样一个东南亚民族国家，得以发展到今天的规模，绝非偶然。所以，本文希望进一步地看端华学校内部的结构与运作的模式、办校和执教时的困难，来带出这所学校在柬埔寨华文教育的代表性。此外，本文也进一步分析端华在金边，甚至在柬埔寨社会的意义与关系。除了国家政府的政策对华文教育与端华学校有影响，从本调查也发现华文在柬埔寨的适用价值是不少人学习华文、华语的因素。端华学校的声誉也受广大社会人士的赞同，许多华人父母将子女送入端华，也有一些土著是端华的学生。虽然办校时有面对挑战，但可以确定的是，随着柬埔寨政府的开放、中国的支持、柬华社会与经济地位的巩固，端华学校与华文教育必定可以蓬勃地发展下去。
Final Year Project (FYP)
Nanyang Technological University