Ultrasound signal processing.
Date of Issue2009
School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Ultrasound imaging has been used as a diagnostic and therapeutic approach for various ailments in the fields of Cardiology, Endocrinology, for the observation of fetus in the mother’s womb and etc. It is a non-invasive and relatively economical technology. Doppler Ultrasound is one of the fields of ultrasound which focuses on the blood flow in the body in order to detect various abnormalities in the blood vessels. This is done by using the Doppler effect to find the blood flow velocity and turbulence. These parameters can be found by calculating the Doppler mean frequency shift and variance using systematic steps. This project focuses on the signal processing of this Doppler ultrasound. The process of acquiring color radiofrequency data from the machine and to process the signal is discussed in the report. The process firstly includes, the proper arrangement of raw data into a four dimensional matrix which is then demodulated using Hilbert transform. Clutter filtering is then required to minimize the effect from slow moving tissues and stationary blood vessel walls on the blood flow frequency. The Autocorrelation algorithm is used to find the Doppler frequency shift which in turn is related to the velocity of the blood flow. In order to get the final image, processes like Smoothing, Thresholding, Colormapping are essential. The project has been successful in analyzing the ultrasound machine in order to get the real time image on the screen and then in writing a code to process the raw data to get a Doppler image.
DRNTU::Engineering::Electrical and electronic engineering::Electronic systems::Signal processing
Final Year Project (FYP)
Nanyang Technological University