The relationship between parental stress and childhood depression in Singapore.
Tan, Ying Yang.
Date of Issue2009
School of Biological Sciences
Child Guidance Clinic, Institute of Mental Health
This descriptive study examined the relationship and gender differences between parental stress and childhood depression in a community study of children aged 7-15 years in Singapore. The Children’s Depression Inventory (CDI) and Asian Child Depression Scale (ACDS) were administered to a sample of primary school children (n = 1935). The Parenting Stress Index/Short Form (PSI/SF) was administered to parents of a sub-sample of children (n = 178). There were no significant predictive or correlation effect of the total scores of the PSI/SF on the T scores of CDI. PSI/SF subscales scores of parental-child dysfunction interaction, parental distress and parental stress due to difficult child could not significantly predict the T scores of CDI. Parents not noticing child internalizing problems could be a factor in the lack of relationship between parental stress and childhood depression. Gender differences observed for parental stress; mothers rated significantly higher on parental stress total score and parental stress from difficult child. Gender differences observed for T scores of CDI; girls scored higher for interpersonal problems, ineffectiveness and total CDI scores. There were no significant gender differences on the ACDS. The CDI T score could predict the total scores of the ACDS. Both scales seem satisfactory for the study of childhood depression in Singapore.
Final Year Project (FYP)
Nanyang Technological University