Contending theories of Indonesia's confrontation with Malaysia.
Chay, Gavin Choon Kit.
Date of Issue1999
S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies
Indonesia's confrontation of Malaysia during the years of 1963 to 1966 seem important to influence the destiny of the entire Southeast Asia. It was an enigmatic affair beginning, as it ended, cryptically, hesitantly and shrouded in ambiguities. In military terms, it was a minuscule conflict. The origins and character of the conflict were bound up with the development of the doctrine of the New Emerging Forces, which Sukarno was elevating at that time to the status of a major pillar of Indonesia's domestic ideology and foreign policy.
Nanyang Technological University