Indentation crack formation and interaction on pure and metallised Si wafers.
Date of Issue1999
School of Materials Science and Engineering
The metallization of Si represents an important industrial process and produces a bi-layered composite of a ductile metal film on a brittle substrate. The mechanical properties of such a composite are determined by the properties of the two layers and the interface and influenced by the fact that the metalized layer, being a very thin film, possesses properties different from those of a bulk material. The fracture toughness is also influenced by the nature and distribution of defects which may be generated during use of these materials, even if the manufacturing process produces a reasonably defect free material. Indentation cracking has been extensively used for the measurement of fracture toughness due to its small sample size requirements as well as a relatively good correlation with values obtained from traditional fracture mechanics tests. The indentation process, with its associated cracks, produces permanent plastic deformation and also introduces a residual stress field. This field influences the crack pattern generated in an adjacent indent and can be used as a methodology to model the influence of multiple defect sources.
DRNTU::Engineering::Materials::Microelectronics and semiconductor materials::Thin films